Native Plants that Attract Birds
& Small Mammals
of information: Tree of Life Wholesale Nursery
Ortega Hwy. - PO Box 736 - San Juan Capistrano, CA 92693 - (949) 728-0685
Leaf Maple - Acer
deciduous tree (too large for most home gardens, but ideal for parks
or nature centers)
buds & flowers eaten by House Finches, Goldfinches, Black-headed Grosbeaks,
and other seed eating birds.
Alder - Alnus
fast growing deciduous riparian tree.
eaten by various Finches, particularly Goldfinches.
Sycamore - Platanus racemosa
eaten by various finch species. Mature trees provide nest sites for
raptors and cavity nesting birds.
native tree in riparian habitats.
buds eaten by numerous birds. Raptor nest sites.
Live Oak - Quercus agrifolia
a mature tree, it is one of the most valuable for wildlife. Acorns
are eaten by a wide variety of birds and mammals. Nesting substrate
for many bird species large and small. Foraging habitat for many insect
Bay Laurel - Umbellulariacalifornica
tall shrub to tree size depending upon conditions.
wildlife plant in wetland habitats for general cover and nest sites.
Flowers and buds eaten by various finches. Foraging habitat for insect
Wax Myrtle - Yrica californica
attractive fragrant tree. Waxy coated fruit and its seed eaten by
variety of birds.
- Pinus spp.
eaten by many birds and mammals. Mature trees provide shelter and
very large variety of short to medium height shrubs are available for general
wildlife cover. Fruit eaten by birds and mammals. Hummingbirds
Brush - Baccharispilularis consanguinea
cover plant, dense foliage.
of our most attractive cultivated shrubs providing good general wildlife
Mahogany - Cercocarpus betuloides
Diego Mountain Mahogany - Cercocarpus minutiflorus
important chaparral plants for good general wildlife cover. Seed
eaten by birds and small mammals.
Bush Snapdragon - Galvezia speciosa
low cover. Showy accent plant in small clumps. Hummingbirds use red
wildlife plant and slope stabilizer. General tall shrub cover.
Fruits eaten by many birds including California Quail, Northern Mockingbird,
American Robin, Cedar Waxwing, Western Bluebird, and Black-headed Grosbeak.
- Prosopis juliflora var. torreyana
rooted deciduous shrub with attractive yellow flowers. Seeds eaten
by birds and small mammals.
for general tal cover. Lush green growth, very drought tolerant,
showy white flower clusters and attractive fruits eaten by birds and mammals.
Redberry - Rhamnuscroceailicifolia
for tall shrub cover. Many birds eat fruit.
of the best and most dependable species for general wildlife cover including
bird nesting substrate. Birds eat the fruit. Deep network of
fleshy roots provides good slope stabilization.
Sumac - Rhuslaurina
tall shrub cover. Many bird species nest in it. Many birds
buds and fruit.
Elderberry - Sambucamexicana
wildlife shrub. Good as cover. Fruit eaten by a very long list
of birds & mammals.
Fuschia - Zauschneriacalifornica
small accent shrub. Profuse bloomer. Bright red flowers.
A Hummingbird favorite.
Quail Brush - Atriplex lentiformisssp.breweri
conservation plan, tolerates poor soil. Seeds eaten by small
mammals and birds. Also serves as important cover plant providing
general protection and nest sites for low nesting birds.
& Gooseberries - Ribesspp.
species of low to medium shrubs. Do well in shade. Attractive
fruits eaten by many birds and mammals. Hummingbirds use flowers
of Ribes malvaceum, R. speciosum, and R. sanguineum.
& Other Small Plants:
Columbine - Aquilegia formosa var. truncata
border plant for woodland effect. Attracts hummingbirds which serve
as its primary pollinator.
Encelia - Encelia
fast growing subshrub. Seeds eaten by many birds and small mammals.
Buckwheat - Eriogonum
low cover. Seeds eaten by birds and small mammals.
drought tolerant. Flowers most of year. Seeds eaten by finches,
sparrows, and doves. Bright yellow flowers occasionally visited by
Penstemon - Keckiella
shrub, good in shade. Flashy red flowers. Hummingbirds.
Honeysuckle - Lonicera
vining shrub with attractive orange berries eaten by many birds.
Monkey Flower - Mimulus
herbaceous perennial spreading readily by underground root stocks.
Good in partial shade. Red flowers attract hummingbirds.
Monkey Flower - Mimulus
Bush Monkey Flower - Mimuluspuniceus
mixed in with low shrub cover. Profuse bloomers. Hummingbirds.
Bugler - Penstemon
herbaceous perennial, showy in bloom. Hummingbirds attracted to its red
Penstemon - Penstemon
flower spikes, abundant bloom, lavendar-purple flowers used occasionally
Wild Rose - Rosa
for low shrub cover. Forms protective thickets for nesting birds.
Blackberry - Rubus
protective cover. Fruits eaten by many birds and mammals.
good low shrub cover species. Seeds eaten by birds and mammals. Hummingbirds
visit Salvia mellifera, S. apiana, S. greggii, and S. clevelandii.
Nightshade - Solanum
Nightshade - Solanum
shrubs. Fruit eaten by many birds and mammals.
Blue Curls - Trichostema
accent shrub. Showy, profuse bloomer. Heavily used by Hummingbirds.
Grape - Vitis
cover for shelter and bird nest sites. Fruit eaten by long list
of birds and mammals.